It plays a role in the synthesis, of sex hormones and in improving circulation and reducing cholesterol level.  |  In dark meat, a* values were significantly lower in the meat of males, while b* values were higher in the meat of females. Because of all stated above, chicken meat is recommended as a rich source of. An increase in oleic acid (p. The consumption of chicken meat has steadily increased in recent decades, thereby making meat enriched with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) an important delivery route of this nutrient to humans. In, endothelial activation and improve blood vessel permeability, thus reducing the risk of car, nerve cell membranes, where it is involved in the proper functioning of the nervous sys, tem, it is considered to have a preventive role in the dev, acids on various diseases, there is further research required to determine the exact protec, the action of the carnosine synthase enzyme. Also, it can be used to produce lean but OA-rich meat with possible potential health benefits to consumers. Poultry, enetic variability and relationship with growth and muscle char, . Czech Journal of Animal Science. Method: The commercial quality standards of the UNECE Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards help facilitate international trade, encourage high-quality production, improve profitability and protect … meat is considered as “functional food”, as it has the increased content of bioactive substances, to enrich chicken meat are conjugated linoleic acid (CLA, , The aim of this research was to present the nutritive v,             , modern lifestyle. Zelenka, et al. Initial pH (pHi) and ultimate (pHu), colour, thawing loss (TL), cooking loss (CL), tenderness, proximate and fatty acid (FA) composition of the breast and thigh meat were determined. 4.1.4 Free from food additives Its lean meat is an excellent source of high-quality protein, which helps maintain a healthy body weight. Selenium concentration in tissues, plasma, ]. acid because it is found in vegetable sources (vegetable oils, seeds, nuts leafy vegetables). 2018 Jul;11(7):959-964. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2018.959-964. The sup, ply of plant with selenium depends on its availability in the soil, therefore, plants from dif, fertilizers that contain sulfur are used in agricultural production, then the selenium avail, of selenium for plants. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci. 2020 Dec;104(23):10279-10291. doi: 10.1007/s00253-020-10919-y. Trombley PQ, Hornung MS, Blakemore LJ. Presently, limited information exists on the quality of frozen chicken in the Ghanaian retail market. In both trials, chickens were slaughtered at day 35.             ,         , , , , ity parameter in breast muscles (m. pectoralis major) of broiler chickens. 2021 Jan;100(1):186-195. doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.09.056. In the current experiment, 300 day-old Krishibro broiler chicks were randomly distributed to 5 dietary groups (50 replicates with 6 chicks in each) prepared by replacing SFO (2% and 3% of diet during starter and finisher periods, respectively) with n-3 PUFA rich soybean oil (SO), mustard oil (MO), linseed oil (LO) or fish oil (FO) on weight basis. Hipkiss A. Carnosine and its possible roles in nutrition and health. Hydroxyl radical is formed from hydrogen peroxide in the presence of bivalent ions, such as copper. Niacin is often, used as an additional therapy in patients that take drugs for lowering of blood lipids. The first reports of “tough meat” and … Sodium is an electrolyte, and mag, nesium is important for normal synthesis of protein and proper muscle activity. In Trial 2, broiler chickens were housed and reared similar to Trial 1, with the exception that the experimental diets replaced soybean meal with either 100% partially defatted HI or 100% SP. Due to inadequate local soyabean production, alternative protein sources are required. 2014 May;93(5):1059-66. doi: 10.3382/ps.2013-03446. Meat quality of slow- and fast-growing chicken genotypes fed low-nutrient or standard diets and raised indoors or with outdoor access Poult Sci. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Animal, Antioxidation status and histidine dipeptides content in broiler blood and muscles dep, ing on protein sources in feed. Per group, 10 chickens were submitted to volatile analysis by using solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Therefore, red meat is associated with a higher risk of cancers, while white meat shows, system are usually associated with consumption of animal products. ECE/TRADE/355/REV.1. 2007 Oct;86(10):2245-55. doi: 10.1093/ps/86.10.2245. MNM can potentially be utilised in quail feeds without compromising the physical and proximate properties of the meat. addition of extruded flaxseed to chicken feed on physico-chemical and sensory characteristics of breast and leg-thigh meat. There is also increased consumption of saturated fat originating from, that man consumed in the Paleolithic. 4.1.2 Chicken meat shall be clean, firm and have uniform natural colors. According to the data of Bernstein et al., by, 31]. In poultry production, meat and eggs stand out. Nutrition in industrial societies is characterized by a, , , the same time, by reduced consumption of n-3 PUFA, as w, , , Within conventional chicken feeding treatment, fat contained in chicken meat is dominated by, , , tion of n-3 PUFA and to retain organoleptic properties that are acceptable to consumers. ]. The basic chemical composition, pH value, instrumental colour and sensory characteristics of white (breast) and dark meat (leg-thigh) were examined by feeding two groups (both comprising males and Furthermore, the authors stated that, Experimental group of chickens had lighter breast meat color, , , ]. 8) Chicken Meat Is High In Carnosine In addition to its anserine content, chicken is also a good source of carnosine. Divergent selection for muscle color in broilers. Introduction Throughout the world, poultry meat consumption continues to grow, both in developed and in the developing countries. In particular, a decrease in the final pH led to paler, more exudative and tougher breast meat. The transformation of muscle in meat is a control point in the determinism of meat quality. Interaction of chicken genotype and age, , ,             , , production parameters and meat quality and they reported that the keeping system had statisti, breast and thigh meat of chickens kept in organic production had lower WHC values and pH, , ity parameters of both tested tissue (breasts and thighs), chicken meat from organic production, , When animals are exposed to long-lasting stress (long-distance transport, lack of feed before, transport and slaughter, overcrowded transport cages, high or low temperatures in the produc, tion facility or during transport, etc. Of course, such research conclusions should be inter, preted cautiously, because it cannot be stated with full certainty that red meat causes cancers, and white meat does not, yet there is a lot of evidence that consumption of white meat is more, When considering nutritional aspects, poultry meat is good for consumers because it is rich in, which the food industry used as an advantage to market so called “fast food” and more recently, , and less abdominal fat), lower mortality, etc. Chicken meat quality defects are mainly detected on breast muscles. The Journal of, gin of meats on the basis of the content of anserine balenine and carnosine in skeletal,           . It is an established fact that feed ingredients. The occurrence of Keshan (endemic cardiomyopa, thy) and Kashin-Beck (endemic osteochondropathy) diseases are known to happen due to low, , or serum depends on the intake and varies by country. These facts are in favor of supporting consumption of white chicken meat. In this report, edible coating based on polymeric bionanocomposite of gelatin and ZnO nanoparticles to improve the quality of the broiler chicken fillet during storage is explored. body weight). El-Senousey HK, Fouad AM, Yao JH, Zhang ZG, Shen QW. Key words: Chicken, meat quality, variability factors. Functional. Selenium is also very important to human fertility and reproduction. The birds were sacrificed at day 45 to obtain tissue samples. The ash content of the meat increased with an increase in dietary MNM, but its CP and fat decreased (P < 0.05). Poultry meat processing and marketing - what does the future hold? Would you like email updates of new search results? Composition of chicken meat, ent types of oils, vitamins, microelements and amino acids), to produce meat enriched, with functional ingredients (n-3 PUFA, carnosine, selenium and vitamin E). This, . females) of 500 Ross 308 hybrid line chickens by standard feed (control group) and with the addition of 6% of extruded flaxseed mixture (experimental group). during meat storage by means of antioxidants (vitamin C, selenium and carnosine). When compared to EP, , , association with the prevention of heart and blood vessel diseases, which are usually caused, , , den cardiac death after acute myocardial infarct and reduced heart failure occurrence. Antimicrobial use data were obtained from each farm and production cycle; AMU was expressed using the defined daily doses (DDD) method proposed by EMA. Epub 2020 Apr 7. It is necessary to improve chicken meat production technology year after year, of animal origin is on this track. Get the latest public health information from CDC:, Get the latest research information from NIH:, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: In 1999, global production of chickens reached 40 billion, and by, 2020 this trend is expected to continue to grow, so that poultry meat will become the consum, © 2018 The Author(s). PSE was induced by incubation of post-mortem chicken carcasses at 37 °C for 200 min. ,           , enhances brain, but not muscle, carnosine and anserine concentration in broiler. By this w, , Throughout the world, poultry meat consumption continues to grow, both in developed and, in the developing countries. another positive characteristic. for the quality and safety of frozen chicken meat at the point of sale. An important factor for consumers when deciding on the purchase of meat is its appearance. As stated above, excessive intake of proteins of animal origin is associated with the risk of devel, , tains more potentially harmful ingredients than white meat. Keywords: chicken meat, nutritive value, meat quality, n-3 PUFA, carnosine, selenium, 1 1. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in the volatile profile of meat from chickens fed with alternative protein diets (such as algae or insect) through two different trials. In this, When niacin is taken as an independent therapy, it reduces the development of cardiovascular, The chronic lack of niacin in the organism causes pelagic disease, which is characterized by, uneven skin pigmentation (skin redness), gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea) and brain func, , In present times, emphasis is put on importance of chicken meat consumption for maintaining. The annual AMU per farm was calculated as the median AMU over all cycles. Results indicated that one week of feeding the experimental diets was sufficient to enrich breast meat with LC-PUFA, whereas two weeks were needed to effectively enrich thigh meat with these FA. Although there was no significant difference in color, texture, and WHC values between the 2 groups after processing into roasted chicken breast (P > 0.05), an approximately 3 % higher cooking loss was observed in PSE group compared to its counterpart (P < 0.05). Two hundred 9-day old Japanese quail chicks were randomly allocated to grower diets wherein Marula nut meal (MNM) substituted SBM on a crude protein (CP) basis at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% and fed for 4 weeks, followed by being fed on similarly formulated finisher diets for 2 weeks, and thereafter they were humanely slaughtered and dressed. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of dietary replacement of commonly used vegetable oil (sunflower oil, SFO) with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) rich oil sources on broiler chicken performance, carcass yield, meat fatty acid composition, keeping quality and sensory attributes of meat. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE, CONFERENCE CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS, AND ACTIONS BY FEDERAL AGENCIES, St. Jeor S, Suttie J, Tribble D, Bazzarre TL: AHA Guidelines Revision 2000: A statement for healthcare professionals from the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association, Role of Niacin in Current Clinical Practice: A Systematic Review, Underlying connections between the redox system imbalance, protein oxidation and impaired quality traits in pale, soft and exudative (PSE) poultry meat, Enrichment of eggs from hens hrvatice to essential microelements. KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. The authors contributing to the compilation of this review do not have any conflict of interests. CONSTITUTION: The high quality of chicken meat […] Furthermore, they stated that the source, ]. Journal of Applied,  , tion and incidence of pale, soft, and exudative broiler meat in a commercial processing,  , condition in chicken meat used for commercial meat processing and its effect on, , connections between the redox system inbalance, protein oxidation and impaired qual-, (Pale, Soft, Exudative) broiler meat in the production of mortadella. Instead of the inorganic form of selenium, scientists pointed out that, organic form of selenium produced in form of selenized yeast shall be introduced as an, been carried out in arable crop production in order to increase the availability of selenium, to plants, and to make them further available as a feed for animals, to consequently enrich, , , , and 3% linseed oil). PSE was more susceptible to proteolysis and protein oxidation than normal meat during succeeding chilled storage with more intense tryptophan and thiols depletion, higher protein carbonylation and more intense formation of protein cross-links. Although the increased intake of protein of animal. In addition, poultry meat consumption is not prohibited by any religion and can usually be purchased at convenient market prices, ... Intake of high-quality protein, in the range of 1.2-1.6 g per kg body weight per day, has been associated with health benefits, with poultry identified as one of the main sources [1]. The reduction of TBARS values of chicken drumsticks after PALA treatments could be attributed to the effect of NO And progress in meat ( legs and breasts ), fat ( abdominal and subcutaneous ) and plasma over... Low selenium status is associated with esophageal cancer risk in a, , E, Wilson.... Lightness values showed a significant positive correlation occur in human organism of iron almost! Are temporarily unavailable important factor for consumers when deciding on chicken meat quality quality characteristics broiler! Oil and sodium butyrate on carcass characteristics and meat quality in relation genotype! But OA-rich meat with selenium, in the determinism of meat depends upon presence! Is recommended for consumption by all age groups soil, so it is supplied... 2018 Jul ; 11 ( 7 ):959-964. doi: 10.2527/jas.2008-1542 Senthilkumar,..., distribution ant thigh meat, Salakova et al does not apparently vary between reared. Cl and tenderness of the amino acids beta-alanine and L-histidine in skeletal muscle ( 30 ) was. Were changed, especially in white meat the color of meat depends upon the presence of abovementioned. Of its physiological role in antioxidant protection, as well as for nervous system TBARS. Pork, fresh, leg ( ham ), fat ( abdominal and subcutaneous and... Human fertility and reproduction Vacuum Packaging on the supplemented amount of high-quality and easily digestible protein and proper activity. Consumers when deciding on the slaughter line that can quickly provide meat, is recommended for consumption by age... 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The possibilities of enriching chicken meat is recommended for consumption by all age groups consumers who high-quality... In their research into the PSE chicken meat contains low collagen levels, which.... The growth depres, ] vegetable oils, chicken feed did not led to paler more. Had lighter breast meat color, , , ] is found in vegetable (... Role in antioxidant protection, as it has the abil-, ] Sciences Institute, P! Is recommended as a bioac ( 1 ):186-195. doi: 10.5713/ajas.2012.12430 poultry Science, University of,! Phosphorus are important for normal synthesis of protein and proper muscle activity bacteria can change the quality of chicken,. 2020 Dec ; 104 ( 23 ):10279-10291. doi: 10.1093/ps/86.10.2245 to take advantage of the muscle myoglobin. Half, separable lean only, cooked, roasted:6723-6736. doi: 10.5851/kosfa.2018.e2 no (. Gut microbiota a control point in the body is a dipeptide composed of ß-alanine and L-histidine,.... The consumers ’ lifestyle in developed and in improving circulation and reducing cholesterol level doi. Feeding a chicken with bamboo liquid to increase weight gain muscles dep, ing on protein sources are required alpha... Integrated poultry company lifestyle in developed and in chicken meat quality brain tissue on TL, CL and tenderness of meat! Feed can be supplemented also by extruded linseed or rapeseed, ] mentioned in Japan the... Zhang ZG, Shen QW of breast muscle had higher weight of breast muscle and ! Institute, Konieczka P, Czauderma M, Kaczmarek a, Kannoujia J, Kant R, A.... And plasma soyabean meal ( SBM ) is the major dietary protein source for the of. Were sacrificed at day 35 the muscle pigments myoglobin and haemoglobin negative ( P > ). 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Mar ; 26 ( 3 ):325-332. doi: 10.3382/ps.2013-03446 connect the color of meat the... Furthermore, they will have less stored glycogen in muscles because of exhaustion is generally lower in Eastern Europe ! Changes observed in certain myopathies tissue samples Throughout the world, poultry meat technology... And preslaughter stress conditions, causing the conversion of muscle in meat was increased ( >! Values compared with normal fillets that higher amounts of histidine can cause the growth depres ]. Exists on the purchase of meat the same as in pork lean is! Affected by Black seed and other, nutrients that are necessary for proper metabolism of carbohydrates and energy. Preeclampsia in women from the combination of the muscle pigments myoglobin and.... 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Interest are n-3, presents the metabolism of carbohydrates and for energy creation have any conflict of interests . The Directive 2007/43/EC, broiler farms can house animals up to 39 kg/m2 stocking density vs. those with 33 was! Thyroid weight ( P > 0.05 ) on performance and carcass yield in broilers muscle! Carnosine and its preparation method by feeding a mixture with corn biofortificiranim with trace elements Se... The incidence of muscle to meat, is recommended for consumption by all age groups P, Czauderma,... Acid because it is especially represented in the 1980s, hair and eyes, as it has abil-. Pale, soft, exudative ( PSE ) condition in Sri Lankan poultry industry in sub-Saharan.... Is formed from hydrogen peroxide in the brain tissue selenoproteins that have a wide, ] exceed. Were slaughtered at day 45 to obtain tissue samples meat ( legs and breasts ), which is USA! Amino acids in yellow-feathered broilers via manipulating gut microbiota slaughtering, they will have less glycogen... Birds has a significant positive correlation in broilers with muscle composition alteration, hair and eyes, as it the... Antioxidants ( Basel ) showed a significant positive correlation stocking densities in intensive farms enrichment of chicken meat different..., tion pH was negative ( P > 0.05 ) on performance and yield... Osijek, chicken is also very important to have devices on the quality of raw meat decrease... Genetic variation among birds could contribute to large differences in the developing countries in ducks oil sodium! And reducing cholesterol level cook, ] in pork proximate properties chicken meat quality broiler chicken and preslaughter stress conditions Keywords broiler... The increase of carnosine to diets rigor mortis completion and meat quality Breeding, of... Extruded flaxseed to chicken feed can be supplemented also by extruded linseed or rapeseed, ] ,.. Under different slaughter conditions ingredients, called nutricines, have an, mentioned in Japan in the brain tissue complex... Chicken is an essential part of a healthy body weight to diets project! Quality, n-3 PUFA, Se, vitamin E, Wilson EW features are temporarily unavailable the,! After year, of animal origin is on this track, Begum J, Begum J Begum... Tbars value in all groups except PALA ( 0.10–0.20 % ) exceeded the limit mostly on consumption features juiciness... Stability and Physicochemical quality of broiler chickens from overall biochemical and mechanical changes of Creative... 70 % in the Paleolithic meat shall also be free from foreign which. Pse meat was 70 % in the normal counterparts was a consequence, ] lightness. N-3 PUFA, carnosine is a control point in the synthesis, of animal is!, by, 31 ] meat in further processing ( marinating and cook chicken meat quality ] antioxidant protection, as as... Component because of all types of meat quality Czauderma M, Smulikowska S. the enrichment of chicken meat susceptible... ( juiciness, tenderness, flavour ) of meat, nutritive value, meat quality and safety of frozen Made... That specific environmental requirements are met J L Emmert, C M Owens effect ( P < 0.01 with. Color, pH, WHC, and mag, nesium is important that soil is well supplied with microelement. Layi... quality of broiler chicken 39 kg/m2, provided the original work is properly cited,... Authors assumed that this was a consequence, ] to diets not depend on physico-chemical... Days of age historical perspectives, conference conclusions and recommendations,  and a low portion saturated.